Mumm's History Of Animation
Take a trip into the rich and unique past of animation in America (and watch some classic cartoons) in The History of Animation class at Schoolcraft College!

Whether youíre part of the new and expanding animation industry or a cartoon enthusiast, donít miss The History of Animation!

Contact Doug Mumm, Instructor

Praxinoscope Assignment
Frame by Frame Assignemnt

REGISTER EARLY!
CLASS SIZE IS LIMITED!

The History of Animation
Thursday Evenings
6 pm to 9 pm
Starts January 9, 2014
Schoolcraft College in Livonia

15 weeks / 3 credit hours
Course: 244 / Section: 119366

Register online at: www.schoolcraft.edu
or call: (734) 462-4426

*CLASS OUTLINE:

WEEK ONE

PROLOGUE TO
ANIMATION
    Explore the early beginnings of animation and man's drive towards motion graphics as part of visual communication.

Thaumatropes, praxinoscopes, Zoetropes and other early optical devices which demonstrate and expand upon the principle of Persistance Of Vision.

The Camera Obscura and the discovery of photography by Joesph Niepce

The photographic motion studies by Eadward Muybridge. Sequenctial photography and the first projected "moving pictures".

Emil Reynaud and his first theatre of projected animated drawings.

The Edison Laboratory and utilization of celluoid film through the Kinetoscope.

Fred Ott's Sneeze, the first film experiment at the Edison Labs.

The Lumiere Brothers and their portable motion picture camera/projector.

Mutoscopes and the flip book.

The advent of the newspaper comic strip.




WEEK TWO

THE SILENT ERA
PART I
    The turn of the century brings a new and amazing artform and newspaper cartoon artists take advantage of it's potential and it's art.

J. Stuart Blackton and the Vaudville "Chalk-Talk" curcuit.

The Enchanted Drawing and Humorous Phases of Funny Faces.

The first clay animation film, Fun In A Bakery Shop by Edwin S. Porter.

The life and times of innovator Emil Cohl.

Fantasmagorie, Un Drame Chex Les Fantoches, and Les Joyeaux Microbes.

Cohl's innovative and technique intensive Hasher's Delerium.

Stop-action film matures with The Automatic Moving Company and Bewitched Matches.

The genius and skill of William McCay.

Little Nemo in Slumberland, America's first animation.

The unknown Story of a Mosquito and the popular aclaim of Gertie The Dinosaur.





WEEK THREE

THE SILENT ERA
PART II
    The birth of a new industry... The first animation studios.

The J.R. Bray Studios and the beginnings of technical innovations in the industry.

Earl Hurd, cell animation and Bobby Bumps Starts a Lodge.

The Raoul Barrie Studio and the Slash System.

The Hearst Studio and the cartoon strip as animation short. Krazy Kat Goes A-Wooing and The Katzenjammer Kids - Policy and Pie.

Keeping Up With The Joneses and AWOL by Bowers, More.

Max and Dave Fleischer and the invention of Rotoscoping. Ko-Ko The Clown - Tantalizing Fly.

Pat Sullivan and Otto Messmer develop characters with personality. Felix The Cat - Feline Follies.

Out of the Inkwell Films. Singalongs and "Follow the Bouncing Ball."

Animation studio workflow and the invention of "tweening".

Paul Terry and Terrytoons.

Combining live-action with animation: Alice's Egg Factory by Walt Disney.





WEEK FOUR

THE GOLDEN ERA
OF ANIMATION
PART I
    Also called "The Disney Era" -- Quantum leaps in artform, in concept and in technology.

Walt, The Man Behind The Myth.

Oswald, Mickey and Ub Iwerks..

The sound revolution and Steamboat Willie.

Carl Stalling and the Silly Symphonies series The Skeleton Dance.

Color arrives -- Flowers and Trees, The Grasshopper and the Ant.

Disney animation innovations-- Gravity, Squash and Stretch, Secondary Actions, Overlapping Action, Follow-through, more.

Donald Duck, The Band Concert.

Gambling on Snow White, the first animated feature film.

The Multi-plane camera, Pinnoccio, the spectacular failure of Fantasia.





WEEK FIVE

THE GOLDEN ERA
OF ANIMATION
PART II
    Living in the Shadow of Disney... Rubber-Hose animation and Mickey's competition.

The Fleischer Studio: Bimbo and Betty Boop. Dizzie Dishes.

The Helen Kane Lawsuit; Betty Boop's Minnie the Moocher and rotoscoping Cab Calloway.

Popeye the Sailer Man, post-synch sound.

The Fleischer failures, the swan song of Superman; the breakup of Disney's biggest competitor.

Ub Iwerks and Flip the Frog. Balloon Land.

The Walter Lantz studios. Andy Panda and Woody Woodpecker. Pantry Panic.

Van Bueran Studios; Terrytoons, Charles Mintz.





WEEK SIX

THE GOLDEN ERA
OF ANIMATION
PART III
    Living in the Shadow of Disney... Rubber-Hose animation and Mickey's competition.

Warner Brothers and MGM; Hugh Harman and Rudy Ising.

Leon Schlesinger and the Looney Tunes. Bosko The Doughboy.

The Boys of Termite Terrace. Porky, Bugs and Daffy. Mel Blanc.

Bill Hanna and Joe Barbara's Tom and Jerry. Yankee Doodle Mouse.





WEEK SEVEN

THE WAR YEARS

    The country, and the animation industry, goes to war. Cartoon Propaganda.

Drafted animators and the First Motion Picture Unit.

Disney and the Military. Donald Duck controversy in The New Spirit.

The characters of training films. Hook, Trigger Joe and Private SNAFU. Booby Traps and Spies.

Funny propaganda: Der Fueher's Face; grim propaganda: Education For Death.

Disney's wartime features.





WEEK EIGHT

POST-WAR AND THE FIFTIES

    The Golden Era for Warner Brothers and the beginnings of a new style.

Tex Avery, Bob Clamplett, Friz Freling, Chuck Jones.

The fast pace of Chuck Jones, One Froggy Evening.

The Jones-Noble collaborations. Duck Dodgers in the 24th and a Half Century, What's Opera Doc?

Daffy Duck's Book of Job, Duck Amuck.

MGM's Tex Avery and Hanna-Barbara.

Paul Terry and Mighty Mouse.

UPA breaks the rules. Gerald McBoing-Boing.

Disney's Silver Age. Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, and Lady and the Tramp.

A historical experiment: Sleeping Beauty.





WEEK NINE

THE TELEVISION ERA
PART I
    Animation moves from the big screen to the small screen.

The early television experiments of Jay Ward.

The first interactive children's program: Winky Dink and You.

Television becomes a dumping ground for old shorts.

Jay Ward's controversial Rocky and Bullwinkle.

Bob Clampett's Beany and Cecil.

Hanna-Barbara go independent and change the industry.

Television budgets and the tragedy of Limited Animation style.

Things get worse as limited animation becomes more limited. The Runaway Production System.

Bound and gagged: The National Coalition on Television Violence.





WEEK TEN

THE TELEVISION ERA
PART II
    Bright spots in the darkness, the animated special. Television animated commercials.

The prime time animated specials. Charlie Brown, The Grinch, More.

The educational animated specials of UPA's Hubleys.

Animation in television commercials. The Flintstones smoke cigarrettes. Mr. Magoo drinks beer.

Computer animation appears.

MTV and Ted Turner, new markets for old and new.

The repurposing of Disney films for TV.





WEEK ELEVEN

THE TELEVISION ERA
PART III
    The envelope gets pushed.

The Simpson's, a phenomenal success story.

Stirring things up with Ren and Stimpy.

Great American Losers: Bevis and Butthead.

The Children's Television Act.





WEEK TWELVE

THE REDEFINED ERA

    Feature films of the 60s, 70s and 80s.

The Beatles Yellow Submarine.

The work of Ralph Bakshi. Fritz The Cat, Heavy Traffic, Wizards.

Disney's 101 Dalmations, The Jungle Book, Robin Hood, and the Rescuers.

The harbringer of a new era: Who Framed Rodger Rabbit?

Don Bluth, the renegade from Disney.





WEEK THIRTEEN

THE NEW GOLDEN ERA

    The new renassaince of animation.

Computer Graphics come of age.

The Disney revitilization.

The claymation genius of Wallace and Grommett.

Pixar.

Once Upon a Forest.





WEEK FOURTEEN

REVIEW

    What the future holds. Class Review.

Where do we go from here?

New Technologies: Internet, Software and interactive animation.

Class Reveiw.

Prep for Final Exam.





WEEK FIFTEEN

FINAL EXAM

    Final Exam





*Content is Subject to change. This is a constantly evolving class.





Thaumatrope and Persistence of Vision

Phenakistoscope

Joseph Niepce and the invention of photography

Eadward Muybridge - Sequential Photography

Phenakistoscope detail

Mutoscope

Frame from Zoetrope animation

Emil Cohl Les Joyeaux Microbes

Winsor McCay Gertie The Dinosaur

Emil Cohl

Emil Cohl Hasher's Delerium

Winsor McCay The Story of a Mosquito

Max Fleischer

Rotoscoping - Ko Ko The Clown

Otto Messmer - Felix The Cat

J.R. Bray - Colonel Heeza Liar

Disney - Alice's Egg Factory

Walt Disney

Ub Iwerks - The Skeleton Dance

Silly Symphonies Flowers and Trees

Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie

Betty Boop

Ub Iwerks

Popeye the Sailor Man

SuperMan

Bosko the Talk-Ink Kid

Early Bugs Bunny

Tom and Jerry

Wartime Donald Duck

Wartime Bugs Bunny

Daffy Duck

Michigan J. Frog

Gerald Boing McBoing

Marvin the Martian

Winky Dink and You

Bullwinkle

Fred Flintstone

Benie and Cecil

Flintstones smoking cigarettes

John Hubley - Everyone Rides the Carousel

Homer Simpson

Ren and Stimpy

Bevis and Butthead

Fritz the Cat

The Beatles Yellow Submarine

Pixar

Wallace and Gromit